NICKEFFECT aims to develop novel ferromagnetic Ni-based coating materials to replace the scarce and costly Platinum and ensure high efficiency in key applications.

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Magnetoresistive random-access memory (MRAM) technology is one of the current methods for memory storage.   Its advantages over earlier storage devices lie in the fact that here high speed, high density as well as low power consumption are combined to provide a nonvolatile robust mechanism for data storage.   Unlike earlier memory devices, MRAM technology uses magnetic information to store data. Basically, the structure consists of two ferromagnetic thin layers separated by an ultrathin insulating dielectric layer which usually is MgO. This results in a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ). The device makes use of the fact that electrons also carry a spin beside a current.   Put simply, in a ferromagnetic layer, the electrons align their spins parallel to the direction of magnetization. Electrons with their corresponding spin of this layer can pass through the insulating layer easily if the magnetic alignment of the second ferromagnetic layer is parallel to the first layer. This results in...

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Why are Standards important?   Standards form a common language that allows researchers, people, public institutions and industry to communicate, produce and commercialize products and services. This is especially important in the European single market. The European Green Deal and the Industrial Strategy for Europe make clear that developing new standards will be essential to boost industry’s competitiveness, build a sustainable future and shape a Europe fit for the digital age. The New Standardization Strategy presented in 2022 by the European Commission highlights the importance of standardization in promoting the uptake of results from EU research and innovation projects, allowing new technologies to scale–up and enter into the market.   How R&I can contribute to Standardization and vice versa?   Standards are a crucial tool to valorize research results.   They help researchers bring their innovation to the market and spread technological advances by making their results transparent and ensuring high quality. Standards give confidence to consumers...

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Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells (PEM FCs) have gathered significant attention in the field of energy conversion due to their numerous advantages over other types of fuel cells. Among them:   Performance: PEM FCs have high efficiency in converting chemical energy into electrical energy. Operating at relatively low temperatures (around 60-80°C) and high temperatures (over 160oC) and the proton-conducting membrane in PEM FCs enables quick proton transport, resulting in high power density and excellent performance. This is particularly advantageous for applications requiring rapid and dynamic response, such as automotive and portable electronic devices. Durability and Longevity: The good durability and longevity of PEM FCs make them suitable for various applications. The advances in materials science and manufacturing processes have contributed to improved membrane durability and enhanced resistance to degradation over time. Environmental footprint: By using hydrogen as the fuel source and producing water and heat makes them environmentally friendly but also...

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